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Dime Novel Collection1886-1913
approx. 4 metres textual material (45 boxes, 762 files; plus 164 files shelved separately)
Introduced to American readers in 1860 by Irwin P. Beadle, the dime novel quickly grew in popularity, due to increased literacy rates, improved transportation systems, and mechanized, mass printing. England's version of the dime novel was the "penny dreadful", and these forms of paperback fiction, issued at regular intervals and priced at 10 cents an issue, were popular on both continents.
The dime novels were intended for the youthful, working-class population, and some series were eventually priced at only 5 cents, so as to make the weekly purchase more affordable for the average reader--typically, an adolescent working-class boy.
While the first dime novels contained extremely patriotic tales of Indians and pioneers, in the 1870s, different genres evolved, including detective stories, romances, urban outlaw tales, and "rags-to-riches" stories. The underlying theme of dime novel stories was that of sensationalism, and soon, the term "dime novel" came to apply to any fictional thriller released in serialised pamphlet form, regardless of the cover price. Well-respected authors' works were also reprinted in dime-novel format, including Jules Verne, Charles Dickens and Louisa M. Alcott, among others.
The most prolific publishing houses in the dime novel business were Beadle and Adams, which issued 25 series of novels, Frank Tousey, who issued 30 series, and Street and Smith, issuing 50 series.
The lurid cover illustrations were the novels' main selling point, along with familiar heroic characters featured in most series, usually having a catchy, alliterated name. Character development and continuity were secondary concerns to dime novel authors (of which there were many), and the practice of re-printing stories published in earlier dime novels was common. Many dime novel stories had also been previously published in the "story papers" that had been the choice of working-class readers before the introduction of the dime novel. The dime novel was meant solely as a light read, with enough action, suspense and heroic feats to keep the reader interested in buying the next issue. Today, they can provide us with unique insight into popular ideals and attitudes of late 19th and early 20th century America.
They can also provide us with a thrilling read.
The collection consists of a sampling of dime novels from ten novel series. Two series (the Deadwood Dick Library and Beadle's Frontier Series) are complete runs. A few issues have multiple copies. The detective story is the predominant genre in this collection, represented by significant holdings of issues from the Old Sleuth Library, the Nick Carter Library and the Secret Service series. Western adventure and romance stories are also well-represented in Beadle's Frontier Series. Despite the age and acidic paper of the dime novels, their condition ranges from Fair to Very Good, with the covers of only a few copies ripped, torn, or missing altogether. Novels are stored individually in 9 x 12 inch envelopes.
The dime novels are arranged by series title. Series are numbered and listed in ascending chronological order, based on the original publication date of each series. Individual files within each series are arranged in ascending chronological order, based on their publication date. The folder number coincides with the individual issue number; hence, the numbering is not consecutive.
Arranged in 8 series:
file list available for all series.1. Old Cap. Collier Library
2. New York Detective Library
3. Old Sleuth Library
4. Nick Carter Library
5. Secret Service: Old and Young King Brady, Detectives
6. Deadwood Dick Library
7. Old Broadbrim Weekly
8. Beadle's Pocket Novels
Deadwood Dick Library (Arthur Westbrook)
- Complete series, nos. 1-64, 1899 (PS 3166 W3 D27 1899 ANAL.SET)
A copy of issue #36, along with a series description, is held in the Dime Novel Collection (Series 6).
Beadle's Frontier Series (Arthur Westbrook)
- Complete series, nos. 1-100 (PS 648 W5 B36 1883 ANAL.SET)
New Magnet Library (Street and Smith)
- No. 1059: Nick Carter's Close Call, 1907 (PS 3505 A8243 N632 1907)
- No. 1192: Nick Carter's Masterpiece, 1905 (PS 3505 A8243 N634 1905)